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Adjective – Meaning, Definition, Types and Examples

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ADJECTIVE: विशेषण

 

Imagine stepping into a world where everything is plain and dull, where there are no vibrant colors, no variety, no emotions to express. How monotonous would that be! Now think about describing a delicious ice cream without saying it’s “sweet” or “creamy,” or talking about a thrilling movie without calling it “exciting” or “fun.” That’s nearly impossible, right? This is where adjectives come to our rescue! Adjectives are like the sprinkles on your cupcake; they make our language rich, flavorful, and interesting. Let’s explore the magic of adjectives and see how they bring our words to life!

सोचिए कि आप एक ऐसी दुनिया में हैं जहां कोई रंग या भावना नहीं है। वह दुनिया कितनी boring होगी! Adjectives हमारे वाक्यों को रंगीन और मजेदार बनाकर उन्हें जीवंत बनाते हैं।

Meaning of Adjectives

An adjective is a word that adds more detail to a noun. It provides information about the quality, quantity, or identity of the noun. Adjectives help us paint a clearer picture in the reader’s or listener’s mind by specifying what kind, how many, or which one.  

Adjectives वह शब्द होते है जो संज्ञा के बारे में अधिक जानकारी देता है।

Definition of Adjectives

An adjective is a word that tells about a noun. It describes the noun’s qualities, quantities, or identifies which one.

Adjective वह शब्द है जिनका use किसी noun को describe करने के लिए किया जाता है। यह noun की विशेषता, मात्रा, या पहचान बताते है।

Type of Adjectives

 

1. Adjective of Quality: 

Definition:

Adjectives of quality are words that tell us about the characteristics or qualities of a person or a thing. These adjectives describe the nature, color, size, shape, or condition of the noun they modify, helping to provide a clearer and more detailed picture.

Adjectives of quality वे शब्द हैं जो हमें किसी व्यक्ति या वस्तु के गुणों के बारे में बताते हैं। ये adjectives noun के स्वभाव, रंग, आकार, या स्थिति के बारे में बताते हैं।

Examples:

  1. She is a clever girl.

(Here, “clever” describes the quality of the girl, indicating she is intelligent and quick-witted.)

वह एक चतुर लड़की है।

  1. This is a beautiful dress.

(In this sentence, “beautiful” describes the dress, highlighting its attractiveness and aesthetic appeal.)

यह एक सुंदर dress है।

  1. Japan is a developed country.

(The word “developed” describes the country, indicating its advanced economic and social progress.)

Japan एक developed देश है।

  1. He is an honest person.

(Here, “honest” describes the person, signifying their integrity and truthfulness.)

वह एक ईमानदार इंसान है।

  1. My best friend has a black dog.

(In this example, “black” describes the dog, specifying its color.)

मेरे सबसे अच्छे दोस्त के पास एक काला कुत्ता है।

Adjectives of quality enrich our sentences by providing essential details about the nouns they modify, making our descriptions more vivid and engaging.

2. Adjective of Quantity: 

Definition:

Adjectives of quantity indicate the amount or number of a noun in a sentence. These adjectives provide information about “how much” or “how many” of the noun are being referred to.

Adjectives of quantity noun की संख्या या मात्रा के बारे में बताते है। ये adjectives हमें बताते हैं कि noun कितनी मात्रा में है।

Examples:

  1. I ate a little rice today.

(Here, “a little” indicates the small quantity of rice eaten.)

मैंने आज थोड़े चावल खाए।

  1. There is no water in the class.

(In this sentence, “no” shows the absence of water.)

Class में पानी नहीं है।

  1. All the students in the class are well-mannered.

(The word “all” indicates the total number of students in the class.)

Class के सभी students अच्छे व्यवहार वाले हैं।

  1. He ate a whole apple today.

(Here, “a whole” signifies the entire quantity of the apple eaten.)

उसने आज एक पूरा सेब खा लिया।

  1. 5. I got some chocolates for you.

(In this example, “some” shows an unspecified quantity of chocolates.)

मैं तुम्हारे लिए कुछ chocolates लाया हूँ।

Adjectives of quantity help specify the amount or number of nouns, making our sentences more precise and informative.

3. Demonstrative Adjective: 

Definition:

Demonstrative adjectives are words that describe a noun by pointing it out specifically. These adjectives indicate which one(s) the speaker is referring to, making the noun more specific in context.

Demonstrative adjectives वे शब्द होते हैं जो noun की तरफ इशारा करके उसके बारे में बताते हैं। ये adjectives यह बताते हैं कि speaker किस विशेष noun की बात कर रहा है, जिससे context और clear हो जाता है।

Examples:

  1. Are these blue bottles yours?

(Here, “these” points to specific bottles that are being referred to.)

क्या ये नीली bottles आपकी हैं?

  1. This dress is gorgeous.

(In this sentence, “this” indicates the specific dress being admired.)

यह dress बहुत खूबसूरत है।

  1. Those mangoes are rotten.

(The word “those” points to specific mangoes that are being mentioned as rotten.)

वो आम सड़े हुए हैं।

  1. That is an amazing car.

(Here, “that” specifies the particular car being described as amazing.)

वह एक अद्भुत car है।

Demonstrative adjectives make our sentences clearer by pointing out specific nouns, thus helping the listener or reader to identify exactly which noun is being referred to.

4. Distributive Adjective: 

Definition:

Distributive adjectives distribute a particular group as individuals in the sentence. They refer to members of a group separately rather than collectively.

Distributive adjectives एक विशेष समूह को एक व्यक्ति के रूप में बाँट देते हैं। ये adjectives समूह के सदस्यों को अलग-अलग refer करते हैं न कि सामूहिक रूप से।

Examples:

  1. Each one of you should bring your bag.

(Here, “each” distributes the group individually, meaning every single person must bring their bag.)

आप में से हर एक को अपना bag लाना चाहिए।

  1. My mother isn’t a doctor. Neither am I.

(In this sentence, “neither” indicates that the statement applies individually to both the mother and the speaker.)

मेरी माँ doctor नहीं है। न तो मैं हूँ।

  1. Every student is asked to submit their project on time.

(The word “every” emphasizes each individual student within the group.)

हर एक student को अपना project समय पर जमा करने के लिए कहा जाता है।

  1. Either of you goes to the market.

(Here, “either” distributes the choice to one individual among the group.)

आप में से कोई एक बाजार जाता है।

5. Interrogative Adjective

Definition:

Interrogative adjectives modify a noun by asking a question. These adjectives are used to inquire about a noun.

Interrogative adjectives questions पूछकर noun को modify करते हैं। इन adjectives का use noun के बारे में पूछताछ करने के लिए किया जाता है।

Examples:

  1. Who has a brown coat?

(Here, “who” modifies the noun by asking a question about possession of the brown coat.)

भूरे रंग का coat किसके पास है?

  1. Which pencil box is yours?

(In this sentence, “which” asks about the specific pencil box that belongs to you.)

आपका कौन सा pencil box है?

  1. What did you eat for lunch?

(The word “what” asks about the specific food eaten for lunch.)

आपने दोपहर के भोजन में क्या खाया?

  1. Whose dress is the red one?

(Here, “whose” inquires about the owner of the red dress.)

लाल रंग की dress किसकी है?

  1. Which song are you listening to?

(In this example, “which” asks about the specific song being listened to.)

कौन सा गाना सुन रहे हो?

6. Possessive Adjective: 

Definition:

Possessive adjectives are words that describe the noun to show possession. They indicate to whom or what something belongs.

Possessive adjectives वे शब्द हैं जो अधिकार दिखाने के लिए noun को describe करते हैं। ये adjectives यह संकेत देते हैं कि कुछ किसके या किस चीज़ के अंतर्गत आता है।

Examples:

  1. My laptop is not working fast.

(Here, “my” shows possession, indicating the laptop belongs to the speaker.)

मेरा laptop तेजी से काम नहीं कर रहा है।

  1. Our favorite teacher didn’t come today.

(In this sentence, “our” indicates that the favorite teacher belongs to the group that includes the speaker.)

हमारे पसंदीदा teacher आज नहीं आए।

  1. His brother is an intelligent boy.

(The word “his” shows possession, indicating the brother belongs to him.)

उसका भाई एक बुद्धिमान लड़का है।

  1. The white furry cat is mine.

(Here, “mine” shows that the cat belongs to the speaker.)

सफेद प्यारी बिल्ली मेरी है।

  1. She got her kind nature from her mother.

(In this example, “her” shows possession, indicating that the kind nature belongs to her and is inherited from her mother.)

उन्हें अपना दयालु स्वभाव अपनी मां से मिला है।

These adjectives help specify the relationships, quantities, distributions, and questions related to the nouns they modify, making our sentences clearer and more detailed.

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7. Emphasizing Adjective: 

Definition:

Emphasizing adjectives lay stress on the proceeding noun, highlighting its significance or importance. Words like “very” and “own” are examples of emphasizing adjectives.

Adjectives जो proceeding noun पर बल देते हैं, उसकी importance को highlight करते हैं। “बहुत” और “अपना” जैसे शब्द इसके examples हैं।

Examples:

  1. I saw him with my own eyes.

(Here, “own” emphasizes that the speaker personally witnessed the event.)

मैंने उसे अपनी आँखों से देखा।

  1. This was the very dress that I wanted.

(In this sentence, “very” emphasizes the particular importance of the dress.)

यह वही dress थी जो मुझे चाहिए थी।

  1. I got good marks because of my own efforts.

(The term “own” stresses that the marks were achieved through the speaker’s personal endeavors.)

मुझे अपने प्रयासों से अच्छे marks मिले हैं।

  1. This is the very car that had an accident the other day.

(Here, “very” emphasizes that it is the same car involved in the recent accident.)

यह वही car है जो दूसरे दिन दुर्घटनाग्रस्त हो गई थी।

8. Exclamatory Adjective: 

Definition:

Exclamatory adjectives lay stress on the importance or intensity of the noun, expressing strong feelings or emotions.

यह adjectives noun की importance पर जोर देते है और मजबूत भावनाओं को व्यक्त करते है।

Examples:

  1. What a wonderful piece of art!

(Here, “what” and “wonderful” collectively emphasize the admiration for the art.)

क्या अद्भुत कला है!

  1. What a beautiful flower it is!

(In this sentence, “what” and “beautiful” express admiration for the flower.)

यह कितना सुंदर फूल है!

  1. What a funny child!

(The words “what” and “funny” together express amusement at the child’s behavior.)

क्या अजीब बच्चा है!

  1. What poor management!

(Here, “what” and “poor” convey strong disapproval of the management.)

क्या घटिया management है!

9. Proper Adjective: 

Definition:

Proper adjectives are words that describe a proper noun. They derive from proper nouns and are used to provide additional information or characteristics.

Proper Adjective वे शब्द हैं जो किसी proper noun को describe करते हैं, जिनका मूल उदाहरण से प्राप्त होता है। ये शब्द अतिरिक्त जानकारी या विशेषताएँ प्रदान करने के लिए use किए जाते हैं।

Examples:

  1. I love Chinese food.

(In this sentence, “Chinese” describes the type of food, derived from the proper noun “China.”)

मझे Chinese भोजन पसंद है।

  1. Shakespeare is famous for his plays.

(Here, “Shakespearean” describes the plays written by William Shakespeare.)

Shakespeare अपने नाटकों के लिए famous हैं।

  1. Jane is an amazing singer.

(In this example, “Jane” specifies the name of the singer.)

Jane एक अद्भुत गायिका हैं।

  1. Sushi is Japanese food.

(Here, “Japanese” describes the origin of the food, derived from the proper noun “Japan.”)

Sushi एक Japanese भोजन है।

Proper adjectives add precision and context to our descriptions by highlighting specific attributes derived from proper nouns. 

Practice Exercise:

Classify the type of adjective in the following.

  1. Neither boy has done his project.

किसी भी लड़के ने अपना project नहीं किया है।

  1. What a beautiful dress!

क्या सुंदर dress है!

  1. Men and Women are equal.

पुरुष और महिला एक समान हैं।

  1. Ramesh is a cunning boy.

Ramesh एक चालाक लड़का है।

  1. Which book do you want?

आपको कौन सी किताब चाहिए?

  1. That girl won the first prize

उस लड़की ने प्रथम पुरस्कार जीता।

  1. My car has broken down.

मेरी car खराब हो गई है।

  1. Rome is famous for its architecture.

Rome अपनी वास्तुकला के लिए प्रसिद्ध है।

Forms of Adjectives

 

1. Positive Form: 

Definition:

The positive form of an adjective is the simplest form, where the adjective directly describes a noun without comparing it to others. It simply expresses the presence of a quality without any comparison.

Examples:

  1. She is a clever girl.

वह एक चतुर लड़की है।

In this sentence, the adjective “clever” directly describes the noun “girl” without comparing her cleverness to that of other girls.

  1. This is a beautiful dress.

यह एक सुंदर dress है।

Here, the adjective “beautiful” describes the noun “dress” positively, indicating its aesthetic appeal without comparing it to other dresses.

2. Comparative Form

Definition:

The comparative form of an adjective is used to compare two nouns, indicating which has a higher degree of the quality described by the adjective. It usually ends with “-er” or is preceded by “more” when the adjective is longer.

Examples:

  1. She is cleverer than her sister.

वह अपनी बहन से अधिक चतुर है।

In this sentence, the adjective “cleverer” compares the level of cleverness between two sisters, suggesting that she possesses a greater degree of cleverness than her sister.

  1. This dress is more beautiful than that one.

यह dress उससे अधिक सुंदर है।

Here, the adjective “more beautiful” compares the beauty of two dresses, indicating that this dress has a higher degree of beauty than the other.

3. Superlative Form

Definition:

The superlative form of an adjective is used to compare three or more nouns, indicating which has the highest degree of the quality described by the adjective. It usually ends with “-est” or is preceded by “most” when the adjective is longer.

Examples:

  1. She is the cleverest student in the class.

वह class में सबसे चतुर student है।

In this sentence, the superlative form “cleverest” highlights that she has the highest level of cleverness among all the students in the class.

  1. This is the most beautiful dress I have ever seen.

यह सबसे सुंदर dress है।

Here, the superlative form “most beautiful” emphasizes that this dress possesses the highest degree of beauty compared to all others the speaker has encountered.

How to use Adjectives in Sentences?

Adjectives are like paintbrushes for our sentences, adding colors and textures to our descriptions. They help us paint vivid pictures in the minds of our readers or listeners by highlighting the unique qualities of the nouns they accompany.

When we use adjectives, we start by identifying what we want to describe. It could be a person, place, thing, or even an idea. Once we’ve chosen our subject, we think about what makes it stand out. Is it big or small? Bright or dull? Soft or rough? These are the kinds of questions adjectives help us answer.

In English, adjectives usually come before the noun they describe, such as “the green grass” or “a happy child.” This placement helps us understand right away what aspect of the noun the adjective is highlighting. Sometimes, though, adjectives can come after the noun for emphasis, like “the grass green” or “a child happy beyond words.”

The choice of adjectives can also set the tone of our sentences. For example, describing a forest as “dark” and “mysterious” creates a different feeling than describing it as “bright” and “cheerful.”

Adjectives as Complements:

Adjectives as complements are used to complete the meaning of a sentence by providing additional information about the subject or object. These adjectives usually follow linking verbs such as “be,” “become,” “seem,” or “appear.” They describe the state, condition, or identity of the subject or object, helping to clarify or emphasize their characteristics.

Subject Complement:

A subject complement is an adjective that comes after a linking verb and describes the subject of the sentence. It provides more information about the subject’s state or condition. For example, in the sentence “She is happy,” the adjective “happy” describes the subject “She.”

Object Complement:

An object complement is an adjective that follows and describes the direct object of a verb. It gives more information about the object’s state or condition after an action is performed. For example, in the sentence “They painted the walls green,” the adjective “green” describes the object “walls.”

Adjectives के रूप में complement sentences कर्ता या कर्म के बारे में अधिक जानकारी देते हैं। ये अक्सर “होना,” “लगना,” “बनना” जैसी क्रियाओं के बाद आते हैं।

Examples:

Subject Complement:

She seems happy after winning the competition.

वह competition जीतने के बाद खुश लगती है।

Explanation: Here, “happy” describes the subject “She” after the linking verb “seems.”

Object Complement:

They painted the walls green to match the garden.

उन्होंने दीवारें हरी paint कीं ताकि वे बगीचे से मेल खाएं।

Explanation: Here, “green” describes the object “walls” after the action of painting.

It’s essential to make sure our adjectives match the noun they describe in terms of gender, number, and case. This ensures that our sentences make sense and are grammatically correct.

With practice, we become more adept at selecting just the right adjectives to convey our intended meaning, making our sentences richer and more engaging for our audience.

Adjectives as Coordinates:

Coordinating adjectives are two or more adjectives used together to describe the same noun. These adjectives are equal in importance and are usually separated by commas or the word “and.” They can be reversed without changing the meaning of the sentence. Coordinating adjectives give a more detailed description of the noun by adding multiple qualities.

Coordinating adjectives वे होते हैं जिनमें दो या अधिक adjectives एक ही नाम (noun) को describe करते हैं। ये adjectives एक-दूसरे के समान होते हैं और अक्सर comma या and से जुड़े होते हैं।

Examples

She has a bright, cheerful smile.

उसकी चमकदार, खुशमिजाज मुस्कान है।

Explanation: Both “bright” and “cheerful” describe the noun “smile.” They can be reversed (“cheerful, bright smile”) or joined by “and” (“bright and cheerful smile”) without changing the meaning.

He wore a thick and woolen coat.

उसने एक मोटा और ऊनी coat पहना।

Explanation: Both “thick” and “woolen” describe the noun “coat.” They are joined by “and” and can be reversed (“woolen and thick coat”) without changing the meaning.

Multifunctional Adjectives:

Multifunctional adjectives are adjectives that can serve different roles in a sentence based on context. They can describe different aspects of a noun such as quality, quantity, or position, and can sometimes act as both descriptive and limiting adjectives. These adjectives are versatile and adapt to the needs of the sentence, providing a broad range of descriptive capabilities.

Multifunctional adjectives वे होते हैं जो sentence में अलग-अलग roles निभा सकते हैं। ये adjectives विभिन्न संदर्भों में विभिन्न प्रकार की जानकारी देते हैं।

Examples:

Descriptive Role:

She has a hard job.

उसके पास एक कठिन नौकरी है।

Explanation: Here, “hard” describes the quality of the job, indicating it is difficult.

Limiting Role:

Take the first right turn.

पहला दायां मोड़ लें।

Explanation: Here, “first” limits which turn to take, specifying its position in a sequence.

Quantitative Role:

She has many friends.

उसके पास कई दोस्त हैं।

Explanation: “Many” describes the quantity of friends she has.

Positional Role:

The top shelf is empty.

ऊपरी shelf खाली है।

Explanation: “Top” describes the position of the shelf.

By using multifunctional adjectives, you can add flexibility and detail to your sentences, making them richer and more expressive.

By using coordinating adjectives, you can provide a richer, more detailed description of the noun, enhancing the overall quality of your sentences.

Adjectives vs. Adverbs: What’s the Difference?

Imagine you’re telling a story and you want your listeners to feel the excitement, see the vivid colors, and hear the dramatic sounds. To do this, you need the perfect words to paint the picture. This is where adjectives and adverbs come in! They are like the spices that make your language flavorful and lively. But what’s the difference between them? Let’s see!

Difference:

Adjectives and adverbs both add detail to our sentences, but they do so in different ways. Let’s explore how they work and why they are important.

Adjectives:

Adjectives are words that describe or modify nouns and pronouns. They help us answer questions like “What kind?” “Which one?” and “How many?”

Examples:

The energetic puppy played outside.

ऊर्जावान पिल्ला बाहर खेला।

Explanation: “Energetic” is an adjective describing the noun “puppy,” telling us what kind of puppy.

She has three blue balloons.

उसके पास तीन नीले गुब्बारे हैं।

Explanation: “Three” and “blue” are adjectives describing the noun “balloons,” telling us how many and what color.

Adverbs:

Adverbs are words that modify verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. They help us answer questions like “How?” “When?” “Where?” “To what extent?” and “How often?”

Examples:

  1. He runs swiftly.

वह तेजी से दौड़ता है।

Explanation: “Swiftly” is an adverb modifying the verb “runs,” telling us how he runs.

  1. She sang very softly.

वह बहुत धीरे गा रही थी।

Explanation: “Very” is an adverb modifying the adverb “softly,” which in turn modifies the verb “sang,” telling us how softly she sang.

Key Differences:

Function:

Adjectives modify nouns and pronouns.

Questions Answered:

Adjectives answer: “What kind?” “Which one?” “How many?”

Adverbs answer: “How?” “When?” “Where?” “To what extent?” “How often?”

Placement in Sentence:

Adjectives are typically placed before the noun they modify or after a linking verb.

Adverbs can be placed in various positions in a sentence, depending on what they are modifying.

Combined Examples to Illustrate Differences:

Adjective and Adverb in the Same Sentence:

The colorful kite flew effortlessly.

रंग-बिरंगी पतंग आसानी से उड़ गई।

Explanation: “Colorful” is an adjective describing the noun “kite.” “Effortlessly” is an adverb modifying the verb “flew,” telling us how the kite flew.

Adjective and Adverb Modifying the Same Word:

She is incredibly smart.

वह बेहद होशियार है।

Explanation: “Incredibly” is an adverb modifying the adjective “smart,” which describes the pronoun “she.”

Adjectives वे शब्द होते हैं जो noun या pronoun के बारे में बताते हैं, जबकि Adverbs वे शब्द होते हैं जो verbs, adjectives या अन्य adverbs का वर्णन करते हैं। उदाहरण के लिए, “तेज़ लड़का” (Adjective) और “वह तेज़ी से दौड़ता है” (Adverb)

By understanding the difference between adjectives and adverbs, you can use them effectively to make your stories more engaging and your descriptions more vivid. They are the tools that give life to your words, allowing you to express yourself more fully and creatively!

When Nouns are Adjectives and Adjectives are Nouns

 

  1. Nouns as Adjectives:

Sometimes, nouns can function as adjectives to provide more information about another noun. In these cases, the noun acting as an adjective describes a characteristic, origin, type, or purpose of the main noun. These are often called attributive nouns or noun modifiers.

Examples:

School bag

I need a new school bag.

मुझे नया school bag चाहिए।

Explanation: Here, “school” is a noun modifying the noun “bag,” indicating the type of bag.

Chocolate cake

She baked a delicious chocolate cake.

उसने एक स्वादिष्ट chocolate cake bake किया।

Explanation: “Chocolate” is a noun describing the noun “cake,” indicating the flavor of the cake.

  1. Adjectives as Nouns:

Sometimes, adjectives can be used as nouns. This usually happens when the adjective is used to refer to a group of people or a general concept. When adjectives function as nouns, they often follow the definite article “the” in English.

Examples:

The rich

The rich should help the poor.

अमीर लोगों को गरीब लोगों की मदद करनी चाहिए।

Explanation: “Rich” is an adjective, but here it acts as a noun referring to wealthy people collectively.

The elderly

We should respect the elderly.

हमें बुजुर्ग लोगों का सम्मान करना चाहिए।

Explanation: “Elderly” is an adjective, but here it acts as a noun referring to older people as a group.

Key Differences and Uses:

Nouns as Adjectives:

Function: Modify another noun.

Position: Usually placed directly before the noun they modify.

Examples:

I bought a leather jacket.

मैंने चमड़े की jacket खरीदी।

Explanation: “Leather” (noun) describes the material of the noun “jacket.”

We visited the city park.

हमने शहर का park visit किया।

Explanation: “City” (noun) describes the type of noun “park.”

Adjectives as Nouns:

Function: Represent a group or concept.

Position: Typically follow the article “the” in English.

Examples:

The brave deserve our respect.

बहादुरों का हमें सम्मान करना चाहिए।

Explanation: “Brave” (adjective) acts as a noun referring to brave people.

The homeless need our help.

बेघर लोगों को हमारी मदद की जरूरत है।

Explanation: “Homeless” (adjective) acts as a noun referring to people without homes.

By understanding how nouns can function as adjectives and how adjectives can function as nouns, we can enhance our language skills and create more precise and varied expressions in both writing and speaking.

Frequently Asked Questions

 

  1. What is the order of adjectives in a series?

When using multiple adjectives to describe a noun, they typically follow a specific order: Quantity, Opinion, Size, Age, Shape, Color, Origin, Material, and Purpose. For example, in “She bought three beautiful, small, old, round, red, Italian, wooden dining chairs,” each adjective provides specific information in the correct sequence.

  1. What are predicate adjectives and how are they used?

Predicate adjectives come after a linking verb and describe the subject. For example, in “The cake tastes delicious” (cake स्वादिष्ट है), “delicious” is a predicate adjective describing “cake.” Similarly, in “The flowers smell fragrant” (फूल सुगंधित हैं), “fragrant” describes “flowers.”

  1. Can adjectives modify indefinite pronouns?

Yes, adjectives can modify indefinite pronouns to provide more detail. For example, in “She wants to eat something spicy” (वह कुछ मसालेदार खाना चाहती है), “spicy” describes “something.” Another example is “Someone kind helped me with my bags” (किसी दयालु व्यक्ति ने मेरी मदद की), where “kind” describes “someone.”

  1. How are participial adjectives used in sentences?

Participial adjectives are formed from present participles (ending in -ing) or past participles (ending in -ed or -en). For instance, in “The barking dog kept us awake” (भौंकने वाला कुत्ता हमें जागता रहा), “barking” is a present participle adjective describing “dog.” In “The broken vase needs to be replaced” (टूटे हुए vase को बदलने की जरूरत है), “broken” is a past participle adjective describing “vase.” These adjectives add specific details about the nouns they modify.

  1. How do adjectives function in comparative and superlative forms?

Adjectives change form to show different degrees of comparison. The comparative form compares two things, often by adding “-er” or using “more,” while the superlative form compares three or more things, typically by adding “-est” or using “most.” For example, in the sentence “She is taller than her brother” (वह अपने भाई से लंबी है), “taller” is the comparative form of “tall.” In “She is the tallest in her class” (वह अपनी class में सबसे लंबी है), “tallest” is the superlative form of “tall.” These forms help in making precise comparisons and enhancing descriptions.

Conclusion

In this blog, we have gained a clear understanding of adjectives and their many uses. We learned how adjectives describe and modify nouns, and the difference between adjectives and adverbs. We also discussed the correct order for multiple adjectives, how adjectives can act as complements, and how to use comparative and superlative forms. This blog helps us use adjectives effectively, making our descriptions more colorful and precise. If you want to enhance your Grammar and upgrade your communication skills so please join our spoken English course.

 

Parts of Speech Part 5 Adjective  की तरह आसान तरीके से Prepositions सीखने के लिए पढें Parts Of Speech Part 6.

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