fbpx

Subject Verb Agreement Part – 2

Podcast of subject-verb arrangement

Nonfinite verbs

There are three types of non-finite verbs:-

  1. Infinitive.
  2. Gerund.
  3. Participle

Infinitive

The infinitive is the basic dictionary form of a verb, usually preceded by to. Thus to go is an infinitive.

Infinitive meaning in Hindi- ‘na’

EXAMPLES:-

  • Mujhe khana khana (acha nahi lagta- action)
  • I don’t like to eat food
  • Khana- (name)
  • Acha nahi lagta-action
  • Mujhe Sona acha lagta hai
  • I like to sleep.
  • Mai khana khane ke liye ruk gaya.
  • He stopped to eat.
  • Wo mujhe dekhne ke liye ruk gaya.
  • He stopped to see me.
  • (Here dekhne ke liye is a name)

Gerund

Gerund and infinity are quite similar it’s both are verbs but their work is different it’s used as a noun. If we wanna use gerund verb+ing not an infinitive to +verb1st form. The gerund is used in verb and added ‘ing’.Na is used and its name!

EXAMPLES:-

  • Wo so Raha hai
  • So Raha is (action)
  • Mai Sona chahta hu is noun
  • I want to sleep – to sleep is (infinitive)
  • Smoking is a bad habit.
  • Smoking ek buri aadat hai.
  • Drinking is injurious to health
  • Drinking health ke liye hanikarak hai
  • Mai drink Karta hu-(action)
  • I drink.

Participle

A participle is used as an adjective or an adverb. There are two types of the participle in English: the past and present participles. If we put two actions in one sentence is called Participle.

The present participle also takes the – Verb + ing form: (e.g., writing, singing, and raising).

The past participle typically appears like the past tense, but some have different forms: (e.g., written, sung, and raised)

EXAMPLES:-

  • Usne mujhe cheating karte hue pakad liya.
  • He caught me cheating.
  • Mai sote sote chal raha tha.
  • And me ta aa raha hai
  • Mai office me chala gaya.

Agar aap bhi English fluently bolna chahte hai, toh aap humara Spoken English course join kar sakte hai.

About Awal

Awal is the most loved English coach on Youtube and TikTok. His unique style of explaining a concept with simple and interesting examples is super hit among his fans.

Learn English With Awal

All Content © AwalEnglish.com. All rights reserved.